Peru is located in the western central coast of South America. It borders with Ecuador in the north, Colombia , north east, Brazil in the East, Bolivia, south east, and Chile in the south. There are 4 major regions: the 200 miles of Peruvian Sea, a narrow coastal strip, the high Andes mountains and the vast and plain Amazon basin. Peru is the third largest country in south America with an area of 1,285,216 km².
1,280,000 sq km (494,208 sq miles)
Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymari¡
Nuevo Sol (New Sol)
Lima, Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo
Huascaran (6,768 meters) (22,205 ft)
Roman Catholic (81.3%), Evangelical (12.5%), other (6.2%)
Office hours are generally Monday - Friday 0900 -1800 with a two hour lunch break.
The weather in Peru varies according to area – the changes in altitude are so extreme that the climate goes from freezing snow in the mountains to boiling sun on the coast. Pacific coastal areas are mostly dry and mild and winter lasts from June to September. The Andes are temperate in the foothills with frigid conditions at higher elevations. The eastern lowlands are tropical, warm and humid. The high tourist season and the best time to visit most regions, is during June to September.
The phone service is serviced by Telefonica del Peru and BellSouth/Tele2000. Payphones which operate with coins and phone cards are available in the streets. To dial direct from Peru to another country, first dial 00 + country code +city code +number. Roaming agreements exist with some international mobile phone companies, but making calls from an international phone will be very expensive. Telephone cards are available in the main cities from stands and supermarkets. The best and cheapest way to call home is to find an internet café that offers internet-based calls.
In Peru you'll find panoramic mountain ranges, vast deserts, beautiful beaches and tropical jungle, not to mention fantastically rich history, archaeology, wildlife and enduring indigenous cultures. There are remains of ancient civilisations - the Inca stronghold Machu Picchu, the Nazca Lines, the excavated ruins of Chan Chan. Visitors can can hike through snowy peaks, relax on the beach the next, paddle a dugout through lowland rainforest or hop on a traditional reed boat on some of the world's highest lakes. Experiences include sandboarding, surfing, extreme mountain biking, rafting, relaxing in medicinal hot springs or exploring museums. The towns and cities are fascinating, filled with both ancient history and modern areas. The currency is the NUEVO SOL. The sign used for Soles is S/. The US dollar is the most popular currency after the Soles. Exchange can be made at banks, casas de cambio (exchange offices). Credit Cards are widely accepted in the majority of cities. Visa, Mastercard, Diners, American Express. Travellers cheques are changed at banks and casas de cambio. The current in Peru is 220v, 60Hz although some areas may be 50Hz. There are two types of electrical outlets in Peru; however many electrical outlets are now designed to accept two types of plugs. These outlets will accept the American two flat-pronged plug as well as the European style round-prong plug.
Main roads in Peru are, at least, reasonably paved; others can range from extraordinarily bumpy to impassable after landslides. International car hire firms have offices in all the major cities and bigger airports. Cycling around Peru is not recommended but taking the bus is a good choice as buses go in almost every direction.