Nicaragua has an alluring mix of culture and stunning natural beauty. Whether you come to explore its countryside, relax on her beaches, hike her mountains and jungles, or float on her rivers, Nicaragua has some much to offer.
Nicaragua offers eco-tourism, active volcanoes, natural reserves and tropical cloud forests, hiking and kayaking,wildlife and flora, as well as colonial cities, markets, folklore and friendly people.
Destination Nicaragua, a virtual guide to this country in the center of the Central American isthmus, bordering both the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean) and the North Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Costa Rica and Honduras, and it shares maritime borders with Colombia and El Salvador.
Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, it occupies an area of 130,370 km², compared it is somewhat larger than half the size of the United Kingdom or slightly smaller than the state of New York.
The country has a variety of climates and terrains, its landscape offers extensive coastal plains at the Atlantic, lowlands at the Pacific and interior mountains in the central highlands. Highest point is the peak of Cerro Mogoton, the stated elevation might be incorrect – figures vary between 2,094 m, 2,107 m and 2,438 m above sea level, but anyway, Pico Mogoton the highest mountain in the country. Nicaragua is famous for a lot of lakes and volcanoes. The two largest fresh water lakes in Central America, Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua, are located there.
The country has a population of 6.2 million people (est. in 2017). Capital and largest city is Managua, almost one quarter of the country’s population lives in the city. Spoken languages are Spanish (official), and several regional recognized languages like Miskito, Rama, Sumo, Miskito Coastal Creole, Garifuna, and Rama Cay Creole.
Nicaraguan Cordobas (NIO)
Managua (Capital), Leon, Masaya, Matagalpa
Pico Mogotón with 2106 meters
Business hours in Nicaragua are generally from 8:00AM to 6:00PM. Most retail stores are open from 10:00AM until 8:00PM. Restaurants may not open until 11:00AM but will generally stay open quite late until 11:00PM. Government offices are open from 8:00AM until 4:00PM and banks are open from 8:30AM until 4:30PM. There are always some places around the country such as hotels and various that will be opened 24 hours a day.
Nicaragua has both a rainy and dry season you will want to decide your wardrobe based on when you will be arriving. The dry season is generally cooler, and you will want something warm for the evenings or in the higher altitude areas. During the wet season, you will want to have something to protect from the rain. Also be sure to bring appropriate footwear for any excursions you may partake on such as hiking.
Nicaraguan cuisine includes a mixture of indigenous cuisine, Spanish cuisine and Creole cuisine. Despite the blending and incorporation of pre-Columbian and Spanish-influenced cuisine, traditional cuisine differs on the Pacific coast from the Caribbean coast. While the Pacific coast's main staple revolves around local fruits and corn, the Caribbean coast's cuisine makes use of seafood and coconut.
When calling from Nicaragua to another international country visitors must dial the following: 00 Country Code City Code Local Number.
Cars Car rental is another good option for traveling through the country. Do not expect the same road conditions as in Australia or New Zealand as they can be somewhat rough at times. Taxis Taxis are a very good option for affordable travel through the city, though you will want to be sure and negotiate a price before hopping in. Some taxis may be unsafe, which is why using hotel taxis may sometimes be a good idea though generally more expensive. Buses The bus system in Nicaragua is affordable and generally quite efficient. This is a good system for traveling through the country though the buses may be quite warm depending on the time of year. Planes Domestic flights are also a good option if you are planning to travel to the coast right away upon arrival and would rather not spend hours in a bus getting there. Local airlines offer various flights throughout the day to numerous destinations throughout the country.